Headache or shortness of breath may be some of the symptoms associated with high blood pressure. However, we are, in most cases, facing an asymptomatic disease that goes unnoticed, with the risk that entails. Since detecting the symptoms of this pathology is a difficult challenge, cheer today informs you about the risks of high blood pressure and what you can do to prevent it.
What is hypertension?
Our heart, with each contraction, pumps the blood through the arteries so that it can reach the tissues. The blood, when pumped, exerts a pressure on the wall of the arteries which is the parameter that we measure as blood pressure. When we measure blood pressure we get two values, systolic (high) and diastolic (low). The first refers to blood pressure when the heart is contracted and the blood is being pumped, while the second is obtained when the heart is relaxed. The voltage is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). In summary, normal blood pressure is around 120 mmHg for systolic and 80 mmHg for diastolic. From 140 and / or 90 is considered hypertension.
Health professionals often establish the following blood pressure levels:
Optimal: less than 120 systolic and less than 80 diastolic.
Normal: 120 to 129 systolic and / or 80 to 84 diastolic.
Normal high: from 130 to 139 systolic and / or from 85 to 89 diastolic.
Grade 1 hypertension: 140 to 159 systolic and / or 90 to 99 diastolic.
Grade 2 hypertension: from 160 to 179 systolic and / or from 100 to 109 diastolic.
Grade 3 hypertension: equal to or greater than 180 systolic and / or equal to or greater than 110 diastolic.
Isolated systolic hypertension: equal to or greater than 140 systolic and less than 90 diastolic.
Risks posed by high blood pressure
When blood pressure increases, the heart is forced to cope with an overexertion, increasing its size and determining that it becomes more vulnerable and increases cardiovascular risk. In addition, the arteries also become more rigid which makes them weaker and susceptible to rupture.
How it affects the brain
Rigid, weak arteries in the brain can end up causing a stroke such as a stroke or a stroke. The greater the hypertension, the greater the arterial damage and, therefore, the likelihood of a cerebral hemorrhage.
How it affects the kidneys
The kidneys are other organs that are especially affected by an increase in blood pressure. Impaired renal function may eventually lead to renal failure. Another risk of a kidney affected by hypertension is that a malfunction of the kidney could cause an even greater increase in blood pressure.
How it affects other organs
The kidneys, the brain and the whole of our cardiac system are not the only ones affected by this process of increasing blood pressure. The arteries of the legs or the retina are other parts of our body that can be damaged, causing walking pain or alterations in vision, even blindness.
Prevention of High Blood Pressure
It would be necessary to carry out a control of the blood pressure periodically by all the adults.
There are a few healthy lifestyle habits that can minimize the likelihood of hypertension and thus improve our health and well-being:
A healthy diet, should include a decrease in salt intake, increase consumption of fruits and vegetables and unrefined foods, and try to maintain an adequate body weight, since the increase in blood pressure is common in people with obesity and overweight.
An increase in physical exercise, seeking to perform physical activity every day, always adapting the exercise to the characteristics of each individual. Walking an hour, a day can be a healthy practice.
In the case that these measures are not sufficient, we will have to resort to the pharmacological treatment that our doctor will have to prescribe.
Other aspects that can cause this pathology, have to do with our age, our sex and our genetics. In particular, those with genetics prone to this disease, should maximize precautions and aim for a healthy lifestyle. Cheer wants to remind you that simply by proposing a balanced diet and practicing sport! We already have a lot of livestock! If you need more information, join the Cheer community and call our experts to receive all the information you need.